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Model Code Standards

SPC has developed model zoning code standards, another tool that can be used by municipalities interested in capitalizing on the benefits of TOD and compact development patterns.

Model code standards, in the form of an Overlay District, expand upon SPC’s Future Investment in Transit Oriented Development (FIT) by supplementing it further into a zoning and land use guide. Interested planners and municipalities can use this chart as a guideline for developing and implementing TOD Overlay District zoning.

A TOD Overlay District can be used to supplement a municipality’s main zoning by “overlaying” the district on top of base zoning to provide a higher level of regulation or to allow exceptions to original zoning. The intention of the Overlay District specific to TOD is to benefit municipalities by taking advantage of sustainable principles like integrating pedestrian scale development and transit with land use, and utilizing regional transit assets like rail stations, busway stations, transfer centers, major bus stops or park-n-ride lots to initiate development. The model TOD Overlay District Zoning Regulations developed by SPC are aimed at enabling the implementation and maintenance of compact, mixed use development centered around transit stations and facilities.

Types of Sites

The following table defines the characteristics for each of the nine TOD Site Types. Each type has a PDF one-sheet with more information and a graphical representation of that type.

Site Type Characteristics
Site Types (Click One To Choose)
Info Sheet Characteristics Connectivity Land Use Housing Employment Development
Scale
U
R
B
A
N
Urban Core
Urban
Core
More U1 Info
(PDF)
Regional economic and cultural activity center Transit hub, intermodal, local and regional connections Office, retail, residential, civic Multifamily
high rise
Primary
regional
office,
retail and
services
High
rise
Urban Center
Urban
Center
More U2 Info
(PDF)
Mixed use and residential with easy access to urban core Transit hub, fixed guideway, express, mainline and local services, and regional connections Retail, office, residential Variety of housing types - multifamily, apartments, townhomes, small single family lots Retail, office Low to mid rise

Urban Campus
Urban
Campus

More U3 Info
(PDF)
Employment, education and entertainment destination Fixed guideway, mainline and local services, and regional connections Education-related, employment, residential, and retail Multifamily, apartments, traditional halls, suites Education, healthcare, office, retail Low, mid and high rise
E
D
G
E
Edge Core
Edge
Core
More E1 Info
(PDF)
Suburban/fringe main street, local scale mixed use Fixed guideway, express, mainline and local services, and regional connections Retail, office, residential Variety of housing types - multifamily, apartments, townhomes, small single family lots Retail, services, small scale office Low to mid rise

Edge Neighborhood
Edge
Neighborhood

More E2 Info
(PDF)
Residential with local scale mixed use around transit station Mainline and local services Residential, neighborhood retail, office Small single family lot, townhome, limited multifamily Neighborhood retail, services, small scale office Low rise
Edge Park-n-Ride
Edge
Park-n-Ride
More E3 Info
(PDF)
Surface or structured parking Fixed guideway, express and mainline services Parking, residential, neighborhood / transit compatible retail, office Multifamily, variety of affordable types Limited retail, office Low to mid rise
C
O
M
M
U
T
E
R
Commuter Core
Commuter
Core
More C1 Info
(PDF)
Regional main street with local scale mixed use, residential and employment destination Mainline and local services Office, retail, residential, civic Single family, townhome, limited multifamily Main street retail, office, services Low to mid rise
C2
Commuter
Campus
More C2 Info
(PDF)
Employment and education regional destination Local service Education-related, employment, residential, and retail Multifamily, apartments, traditional halls, suites Education, retail, limited office Low to mid rise
Commuter Park-n-Ride
Commuter
Park-n-Ride
More C3 Info
(PDF)
Surface or structured parking Local and express service Parking, residential, neighborhood / transit compatible retail, office Multifamily, variety of affordable types Limited retail, limited office Low to mid rise

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